Here’s a take a look at Nepal, a mountainous nation on the southern aspect of the Himalayas of Southern Asia. It shares Mt. Everest, the world’s tallest mountain, with China. Many imagine the Buddha was born in what’s now Nepal.
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 147,181 sq. kilometers (barely bigger than New York state)
Population: 30,327,877 (July 2020 est.)
Median age: 25.Three years
Ethnic teams: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, different 19%
GDP (buying energy parity): $79.19 billion (2017 est.)
GDP per capita: $2,700 (2017 est.)
Unemployment fee: 3% (2017 est.)
Nepal is among the world’s least developed and poorest nations. About one-fourth of its inhabitants lives under the poverty line. (CIA Factbook)
Nepal is a former monarchy that’s now a federal democratic republic with a number of political events.
About three-fourths of its terrain is mountainous.
Eight of the world’s 10 tallest mountains are alongside Nepal’s border. Mt. Everest’s summit is 8,848 meters above sea degree, the best spot on Earth. Kanchenjunga, which straddles Nepal and India, is the third-highest mountain on the earth.
Nepal’s flag is the one one on the earth that’s neither sq. nor rectangular. The form is fashioned from two linked pennants.
Siddhartha Gautama, also referred to as the Buddha, was born in Lumbini, now a part of Nepal, across the sixth century BC.
Nearly eight out of 10 women in a area of mid-Western Nepal sleep in harmful outside “menstruation huts” throughout their interval, regardless of the observe being outlawed in 2018, a study found. The unlawful customized, known as “Chhaupadi,” stems from a centuries-old Hindu taboo that considers women and girls as unclean during menstruation.
Pre-18th century – Nepal is split into small kingdoms.
1768 – Gorkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah turns into ruler of the complete valley, uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon. The king declares Kathmandu to be the capital in 1769.
1814-1816 – Nepal and the British East India Company struggle over lands within the Terai, or the lowlands. Nepal indicators the Treaty of Sagauli in 1816, ceding about one-third of its territory.
1846 – Jang Bahadur phases a coup and turns into prime minister. He ultimately units up a dictatorship by turning the monarchy right into a authorities figurehead, establishing the hereditary rule of his household. The household, which adopts the honorific title of Rana (monarch), guidelines for greater than 100 years (till 1951), resulting in the isolation and financial underdevelopment of the nation.
1857 – The Sepoy Rebellion in opposition to the British begins in India. Bahadur takes 1000’s of troops in to assist the British, serving to to quell the revolt and sealing Britain’s assist of his rule in Nepal and starting a convention of Gurkhas serving within the British Army.
January 15, 1934 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 happens in Nepal-Bihar, India, killing 10,700 folks.
1948 – After India good points its independence from Britain in 1947, Nepal’s leaders lose essential assist and are pressured to introduce reforms. The prime minister declares the primary structure of Nepal, which requires a state legislature with two chambers, an impartial excessive court docket, and a main minister with government energy, assisted by a council of at the least 5 ministers, however the structure is quickly suspended amid opposition from conservative Ranas.
November 1950 – Revolt begins in opposition to the Rana regime because the Nepali Congress Party’s Liberation Army interact troopers within the Terai.
February 1951 – The Rana period of rule involves an finish as King Tribhuvan is restored to the throne after the final Rana oligarch, Mohan Shamsher, agrees to carry elections.
May 29, 1953 – Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay of Nepal are the primary to succeed in the summit of Mt. Everest.
December 14, 1955 – Nepal joins the United Nations.
February 18, 1959 – The first nationwide elections are held, and the Nepali Congress Party wins. B.P. Koirala later turns into prime minister.
December 1960 – King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva seizes energy, suspends the parliament and key elements of the structure.
January 1972 – King Mahendra dies and is succeeded by Birendra.
May 1991 – G.P. Koirala, the brother of Nepal’s first elected prime minister (in 1959) is appointed to move the federal government after the Nepali Congress wins a majority (110 of 205 seats) in parliament generally elections. The average Communist Party of Nepal ends with a robust place as opposition with 69 seats.
1994 – The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is based and social gathering chief Manmohan Adhhikari voted into energy after Prime Minister G.P. Koirala resigns and recommends new parliamentary elections to the king.
1995 – Prime Minister Manmohan Adhhikari resigns after being accused of favoring his social gathering members. The communist authorities is dissolved by Parliament.
1996 – A Maoist insurgency units off a 10-year civil struggle, and by 2000, nearly two-thirds of the nation is affected by the strife.
June 1, 2001 – Crown Prince Dipendra goes on an alcohol and drug-fueled taking pictures rampage throughout a celebration on the palace, killing 9 folks, together with his father and mom, the king and queen. Dipendra dies three days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds.
2006 – A UN-mediated peace accord is signed by the federal government of Nepal and the Maoists. According to the International Red Cross, some 15,000 folks die and 1,300 are declared lacking as a result of 10-year civil struggle.
May 2008 – The monarchy involves an finish as the brand new meeting votes in favor of declaring Nepal a democratic republic.
July 21, 2008 – The nation’s first president, Ram Baran Yadav, is elected.
August 2008 – Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal, commonly known as Prachanda, is elected prime minister and varieties a coalition authorities.
May 2009 – Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigns after the president overrules his determination to fireplace a senior army official. Communist chief Madhav Kumar Nepal is called the brand new prime minister.
June 2010 – Madhav Kumar Nepal resigns as prime minister amidst political stress. He agrees to behave as a caretaker till a brand new prime minister is elected.
February 2011 – Parliament elects Communist Party chief Jhalanath Khanal as the brand new prime minister.
August 2011 – Khanal resigns as prime minister, acknowledging he was unable to kind a nationwide consensus authorities and combine former Maoist rebels. Baburam Bhattarai, 57, vice-chairman of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) turns into the fourth prime minister since Nepal grew to become a republic in 2008.
May 2012 – Baburam Bhattarai resigns as prime minister however stays on as caretaker.
March 2013 – President Ram Baran Yadav Chief Justice Khilraj Regmi is appointed prime minister till a brand new Constituent Assembly is elected.
November 2013 – Constituent Assembly elections are held which result in Sushil Koirala, a cousin of B.P. Koirala, of the Nepali Congress social gathering changing into prime minister in February 2014.
October 2014 – At least 39 people from around the world die after exceptionally heavy snowfall in the mountains, one of many deadliest such tragedies within the historical past of Nepal.
April 25, 2015 – A 7.8-magnitude earthquake strikes, lower than 50 miles from Kathmandu. A 6.7-magnitude aftershock on April 26 provides to the injury. The dying toll is over 8,000, and the variety of folks injured is greater than 17,000, in keeping with the National Emergency Operations Center.
October 28, 2015 – Nepal’s parliament elects Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the country’s first female president.
August 2017 – Sixty-five thousand houses are destroyed and at the least 143 persons are killed in Nepal on account of massive flooding and landslides.
May 21, 2019 – A sherpa breaks his own record by climbing Mount Everest an unprecedented 24 times, reaching the summit at 6:38 a.m., lower than per week after scaling the world’s tallest mountain for the 23rd time on May 15.
August 2, 2019 – After torrential monsoon rains triggered flooding and landslides across Nepal and elements of South Asia final month, the UN releases a situation report stating that more than 100 died, dozens more are missing or injured, and at least 410,000 people are affected.