INTERVIEW: Economic and Social Council ‘vital to promote global peace and global cooperation’ 

INTERVIEW: Economic and Social Council ‘vital to promote global peace and global cooperation’ 


His spectacular diplomatic portfolio contains serving as Pakistan’s Ambassador to the European Council of the European Union, Belgium and Luxemburg from 1988 to 1992. 

He has additionally held senior positions in numerous intergovernmental organizations, such because the Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament, Chairman of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Policy Review Body and, in June 1996, he served as President of the Conference on Disarmament. 

Mr. Akram sat down with UN News, for a wide-ranging interview masking key coverage areas such because the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the continued affect of COVID-19 and racism which have featured prominently within the headlines all year long, however started by explaining how ECOSOC works. 

The interview has been modified and edited, for readability and size. 

ECOSOC President: The Economic and Social Council is among the three principal organs, as talked about within the UN Charter; the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council – these are the three foremost constitution our bodies. The idea of making the Economic and Social Council on the time of the start of the United Nations, was that on the one aspect, the Security Council was conceived as an organ which might promote collective safety and implement peace on the earth. The Economic and Social Council, then again, was designed to advertise peace via worldwide financial cooperation. 

One of the framers of the UN Charter was the (then) President of the United States, Mr. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. And his conception, which he voiced on the time, was that financial instability was like a illness, and that if one nation had it, then others could be affected.  

So, the Charter says very clearly that the target of the Economic and Social Council is to “promote better standards of living in larger freedoms”. 

That is a quote from the UN Charter, and it is supposed to try this firstly by addressing coverage points and secondly, by selling worldwide cooperation and coordination amongst all worldwide financial organizations. That’s the mandate. And it is a mandate which is, I imagine, simply as vital because the mandate of the UN Security Council. 

UN News: Can you share some examples of ECOSOC’s work in New York that has had a world affect? 

ECOSOC President: Yes, over time, ECOSOC has been a spot the place the entire idea of improvement cooperation, of serving to creating nations to make progress and develop, was conceived. So it was on the Economic and Social Council that the primary report, which was known as the Pearson Report on Development Cooperation, was mentioned and the entire concept of selling financial and social improvement via mutual assist between wealthy and poor nations, was born. The ECOSOC was the place the place we conceived of what was then known as the International Development Strategy. 

It is the place the place the idea of official improvement help, amounting to 0.7 per cent of the GDP of developed nations to be offered to creating nations, was born.  

It was in ECOSOC that the idea of linking the creation of particular drawing rights within the IMF, the IMF quotas to hyperlink these quotas with improvement help.  

These had been all main concepts that had been born within the ECOSOC and are actually practiced in main monetary and worldwide financial establishments. So it has been a central physique for ahead considering. 

And these are just a few examples of what has been achieved in ECOSOC prior to now. 

UN News: What is the correlation between the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and ECOSOC? 

ECOSOC President: The Sustainable Development Goals had been the product of an extended course of of dialogue inside the UN system. I might not say that they originated in a single place, however definitely the predecessors of the SDGs, had been known as the Millennium Development Goals. They had been extra modest they usually had been born in a course of between the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly.  

The SDGs had been developed not solely in ECOSOC, but additionally in main conferences such because the Rio Conference on Climate and Development, the environmental conferences that had been held, in addition to the summits of the General Assembly, the Millennium Summit, after which the summits held in 2010 and in 2015. 

It was on the 2015 General Assembly Summit to which ECOSOC contributed, that to Sustainable Development Goals had been adopted. 

The COVID-19 pandemic…is the deepest recession the world has confronted for the reason that 1930s – ECOSOC President

UN News: How is the COVID-19 pandemic difficult the work of ECOSOC and the way can these challenges be addressed? 

ECOSOC President: The COVID-19 pandemic, as everyone knows. Is a significant well being disaster; it’s the largest pandemic that we have had in over a century, but it surely has additionally had main financial penalties.  

It is the deepest recession the world has confronted for the reason that 1930s, and it has contracted the world economic system by virtually 10 per cent. And maybe it will likely be greater than that.  

Some creating nations have contracted by over 20-25 per cent of their economies. Over 100 million persons are going to fall again into excessive poverty because of the harm to their economies and the shortage of progress of their economies, the destruction of virtually 300 million plus jobs the world over. 

So it has had a devastating affect. The richer nations, as you recognize, have pumped in about 13 trillion {dollars} in fiscal stimulus to revive their economies and even they’re struggling. 

 The creating nations want between two to a few trillion {dollars} to revive their economies, they usually haven’t had entry to even a small fraction of that quantity.  

So many nations are falling into debt. Many nations are failing to pay again their money owed. Economic collapse is confronting quite a few susceptible nations, and the results of such collapse, will probably be devastating not solely on their areas, however on the world economic system as a complete. 

UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Ambassador Munir Akram was elected because the 76th President of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in July, 2020.

UN News: Racial pressure has been working excessive all over the world. How can ECOSOC assist to deal with this? 

ECOSOC President: Well, I imagine that the perfect reply for tensions of all nature, is financial and social improvement; equitable improvement. 

In ECOSOC, we’re going to convene a convention on the 20th anniversary of the Durban Conference on Racism. And this convention will probably be on racism and inequality. And I imagine that if we will handle inequality in all its types, we will probably be in a position additionally to deal with the issue of racism and different types of discrimination that folks confront in so many nations and societies. 

UN News: Is there the rest you want to add? 

ECOSOC President: I imagine that within the present circumstances, the United Nations, together with ECOSOC, is significant to advertise world peace and world cooperation.  

We must take pressing actions to satisfy the wants of the creating nations, in any other case, we may have a humanitarian catastrophe on our fingers.  

We are dealing with the prospect of famine and dealing with the prospect of main migration, and we face then, the prospect of battle. 

We will be unable to attain the SDGs. We will be unable to deal with the local weather motion that’s required to avert a local weather catastrophe. And subsequently it’s important that at the moment the worldwide neighborhood reply to the plight of the poor and to take pressing actions to offer them the assist that they should survive on this post-pandemic state of affairs.


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