Experts accuse Iran of rights violations in capturing down Ukraine airways flight

Iran: BBC and other broadcast journalists harassed; families threatened – UN experts 

Agnes Callamard, Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, and Javaid Rehman, Special Rapporteur on the state of affairs of human rights within the nation, have constantly expressed concern over the 8 January 2020 incident. 

Flight PS752 was heading from Tehran to Kiev when it was struck down by two missiles fired by the Iran Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), killing all 176 individuals on board.    

Iran stated the navy personnel mistook the civilian plane for a US missile. 

The strike happened within the context of heightened tensions following the focused killing of General Qasem Soleimani, a high Iranian official, by the United States, and Iran’s subsequent retaliations on US bases in Iraq, the place he was killed. 

Following a six-month inquiry, Ms. Callamard wrote to the Iranian Government final December. outlining observations and circumstances surrounding the strike. She stated she has but to obtain a response. 

The letter remained confidential for 60 days, in keeping with the Human Rights Council’s coverage on communications to States, and was printed on Tuesday.

Her letter concluded that the Iranian authorities violated the best to lifetime of the passengers and crew onboard the aircraft. 

Avoidable deaths 

“In situations of high military tension, the most effective means to prevent attacks on civil aviation is to close the airspace”, she said. “Had Iran, knowing full well that hostilities with the US could readily escalate, closed its airspace for civilian traffic that evening, 176 human beings would not have been killed.” 

She stated Iran’s explanations for downing the flight current many inconsistencies and contradictions. 

“The inconsistencies within the official explanations appear designed to create a most of confusion and a minimal of readability. They appear contrived to mislead and bewilder,” she wrote. 

‘Reckless disregard’ 

“As for the mistakes that have been admitted, they suggest at minimum a reckless disregard for standard procedures and for the principles of precaution, which should have been implemented to the fullest given the circumstances and the location of the missile unit in the proximity of a civilian airfield.” 

Ms. Callamard and Mr.Rehman have been amongst a gaggle of unbiased specialists who additionally wrote to the Iranian authorities final February, expressing concern over the usage of power in protests that adopted the assault. 

In his newest report back to the Human Rights Council, Mr. Rehman has additionally raised considerations over harassment of households of the victims of Flight PS752, together with demise threats. 

Special Rapporteurs will not be UN workers, nor are they paid by the Organization.  They are appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to watch and advise on particular nation conditions or thematic points. 

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